A practitioner’s perspective by Alan Gardner, PgD A. Phys, MDip, DipMgmt, IAAT. THE use of home ‘self ’ treatment using electrotherapy(1) is well recognised in human based physiotherapies. Typically, but not exclusively, using portable electrostimulation (i.e. TENS) units(2), they offer advantages of regular treatments as well as reducing travelling and consultation time (to see a practitioner). Whereas electrostimulation is arguably the most common home electrotherapy for humans, this is not necessarily the case for canine patients. This article will review and discuss 3 types of electrotherapies (PEMF, LLLP, EMS)(3) all commonly used for canine patients. I will then apply them...

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